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Maryland Fluorescent Bulb Recycling Regulations

Maryland Fluorescent Bulb Recycling Regulations

Quick Facts:

  • Due to mercury concerns, recycling fluorescent bulbs is highly recommended by the Maryland Dept. of Environment and is required for many facilities throughout the state
  • Crushing fluorescent bulbs is allowed in Maryland
  • Crushed bulbs are considered universal waste in Maryland
  • Prepaid bulb recycling by mail is allowed in Maryland

Recycling Options Available in Maryland:


Crushes fluorescent lamps of any size while removing mercury vapors. Reduces labor, recycling costs, and storage vs. packing lamps

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Fill up containers with bulbs, ballasts, batteries, or e-waste at your own pace and mail back via prepaid shipping

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For larger amounts of bulbs, ballasts, batteries, or e-waste. Trucks come pick up waste at your location for recycling

Schedule a Pickup
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Questions about recycling in your state? Contact us for more information. 

Detailed Maryland Fluorescent Bulb Recycling Regulations  

The stringency chart below provides examples of state regulations compared to the EPA regulations.
We strongly recommend that you discuss stringency with your primary state regulatory contact. This information should not be interpreted as definitive legal guidance. This document was produced in June 2004, and we do not guarantee its accuracy after that date, as state policies may change at any time.

("same" means the state policy is the same as the federal policy)

Confused about terminology (CESQG, UW, TCLP, etc.)? Refer to this glossary for help.

Jurisdiction Generator Exemption
Where can waste from CESQG go? Can the waste be declared non- hazardous, based on TCLP? Other stringency or exemptions?
Federal EPA Generators producing less than 100 kg (220 pounds) of hazardous waste (HW) or 1 kg acute HW in each month, including all HW generated. CESQGs are exempt from federal rules, but not exempt from liability (40 CFR 261.5) Waste may go to any Municipal Solid Waste Landfill (MSWLF) Wastes that test less than 0.2mg/l soluble mercury are not considered hazardous under federal rules. Crushing can only be done by generator (40 CFR 262.34); crushed waste that is not UW- must be managed as RCRA HW. Crushing not allowed within federal UWR, but may be within State UW regulations. No one may crush third-party lamps without treatment authorization [1]. No mobile treatment units..
Maryland CESQGs are considered small quantity generators if the amount of HW is less than 100kg per month and less than 1kg acute HW per month. SQGs may not accumulate more than these amounts at any time. MSWF are prohibited from accepting any HW, including from SQGs.
Therefore all hazardous lamps must go to destination facilities
same Allows crushing by generator as UW, provided the requirements of Code of Maryland Regulations are met.

State Regulatory Contacts

Primary Contact Title Agency Address Phone E-Mail
Mr. Edward Hammerberg Chief, Regulations/ Permitting Division

Maryland Department of Environment, Waste Management

1800 Washington Blvd, Suite 645

Baltimore, MD  21230

(410) 537-3345
Secondary Contact Title Phone Area of Responsibility
Mr. Caj Didigu Chief, Tracking/Certification Division (410) 537-3344  
  Main MDE # 1-800-633-6101 (Only Within State) Ask operator to be transferred to desired extension  
  National Spills Emergency Hotline 1-800-424-8802  

More Resources

Web Links and Informational Resources
Maryland Hazardous Waste Homepage
Maryland Department of the Environment
State Lamp Crushing & UW Regulations Matrix Click to View
Small Quantity Handler UW Standards

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