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Virginia Fluorescent Bulb Recycling Regulations

Virginia Fluorescent Bulb Recycling Regulations

Quick Facts:

  • Due to mercury concerns, recycling fluorescent bulbs is highly recommended by the Virginia Dept. of Environmental Quality and is required for many facilities throughout the state
  • Crushing fluorescent bulbs is allowed in Virginia
  • Crushed bulbs are considered universal waste in Virginia
  • Prepaid bulb recycling by mail is allowed in Virginia

Recycling Options Available in Virginia:


Crushes fluorescent lamps of any size while removing mercury vapors. Reduces labor, recycling costs, and storage vs. packing lamps

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Fill up containers with bulbs, ballasts, batteries, or e-waste at your own pace and mail back via prepaid shipping

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For larger amounts of bulbs, ballasts, batteries, or e-waste. Trucks come pick up waste at your location for recycling

Schedule a Pickup
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Questions about recycling in your state? Contact us for more information. 

Detailed Virginia Fluorescent Bulb Recycling Regulations  

The stringency chart below provides examples of state regulations compared to the EPA regulations.
We strongly recommend that you discuss stringency with your primary state regulatory contact. This information should not be interpreted as definitive legal guidance. This document was produced in June 2004, and we do not guarantee its accuracy after that date, as state policies may change at any time.

("same" means the state policy is the same as the federal policy)

Confused about terminology (CESQG, UW, TCLP, etc.)? Refer to this glossary for help.

Jurisdiction Generator Exemption
Where can waste from CESQG go? Can the waste be declared non- hazardous, based on TCLP? Other stringency or exemptions?
Federal EPA Generators producing less than 100 kg (220 pounds) of hazardous waste (HW) or 1 kg acute HW in each month, including all HW generated. CESQGs are exempt from federal rules, but not exempt from liability (40 CFR 261.5) Waste may go to any Municipal Solid Waste Landfill (MSWLF) Wastes that test less than 0.2mg/l soluble mercury are not considered hazardous under federal rules. Crushing can only be done by generator (40 CFR 262.34); crushed waste that is not UW- must be managed as RCRA HW. Crushing not allowed within federal UWR, but may be within State UW regulations. No one may crush third-party lamps without treatment authorization [1]. No mobile treatment units.
Virginia same Waste may go to MSWLF only with written permission of landfill and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality. same Crushing by generator allowed as UW, only if followed by recycling

State Regulatory Contacts

Primary Contact Title Agency Address Phone E-Mail
Ashby Scott State Crushing 

Department of Environmental Quality, Environmental Enhancement Program

629 E. Main St. Richmond, VA 23219

(804) 698-4467
Secondary Contact Title Phone Area of Responsibility
Leslie Romanchik Hazardous Waste Coordinator (804) 698-4219 Hazardous waste questions
  DEQ Main Number (804) 698-4000 or 800-592-5482  

More Resources

Web Links and Informational Resources
VA UW Regulations Fact Sheet Click Here
VA UW Regulations Guidance Click Here
VA UW Regulations FAQ's Click Here
VA UW Regulations Click Here

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